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Maya festivals


The content of Maya's classic civilization is very rich and can be summarized in a short time. They are made up of large pyramidal piles and platforms. Many Maya buildings are extremely tall and incredibly steep. As an example, the great temple pyramid of Tikal rises tower-like up to a height of 60 meters above the plaza floors.

Buildings of pyramids and platforms have also been built on debris and stone blocks. Some, like in the northern plains, dressed in stone is no more than a stucco veneer. The walls of the buildings were thick, the rooms were relatively narrow; The roofs were generally small, and the windows were very rare for the dark and cool structures to be still dark and cool. On the top of the steep pyramids, 1-3-roomed small buildings are probably temples; longer and larger buildings, with many rooms and lower, wider platforms, perhaps palaces.

Another major building type was the Maya Late Classic Period Ball. The area of ​​Maya's celebrations, especially on the southern plains, was a rectangular plaza, placed on three or four sides of the pits. These bays were often artificially dressed hilltops, such as Uaxactun, or terraced hilltops such as Piedras Negras and Palenque. By successive layers of structures, the plaza unit has gradually taken over an acropolis, from which the famous Tiklói main group or Copan "Acropolis" is a good example.

Carved stems and altar stones were created at the malls, often at the foot of the pyramid stairs. The temples and the palaces were high above the temples and palaces with elaborate rooftops, flying facades, carved and stucco-style décor.

May celebrations were built and supported by the population of jungle farmers, and this nation is only beginning. The traditional classical Maya houses were probably similar to the woods, muds and shells of their historical or modern descendants, and these buildings left little footprint over the soil. Fortunately, many of the land or stone platforms were built, and many of these "house holes" were discovered and studied. These studies show that the places of residence have not been tightened tightly to the ceremonial centers and directly to the ceremonial centers. The clusters of the stacks are located near the main cellars and piles of the centers, but similarly large clusters are scattered around the banks of the river or around the lake and the troubles that have removed miles away from the hospitals.

there are controversial exceptions. Some archaeologists claim that Tikal's Peten was indeed urban in its proportions, just like Dzibilchaltun in northern Yucatan. But in most cases, the overwhelming settlement pattern of the Classic Maya was a scattered village that provided most of the proper farming areas. Among these villages there were smaller ceremonial centers, and were a little further apart from the main centers with complicated architecture and monuments. Probably several villages have coordinated their efforts to build and maintain a smaller holiday center, and the entire population from such minors has been associated with other similar groups to support larger centers.

Source by sbobet

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