first Early Jordanian Air Carriers
When it reached independence in 1946, Jordan tried to increase its identity by establishing its own airline, which was founded on 1 January of the year under the name Arab Airways. When he entered Beirut, he spread to Baghdad and Cairo in August 1947 and became the principal investor of the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC).
Arab Airways Jerusalem, Limited six years later, a fleet de Havilland's dual engine comes from Jerusalem to Beirut and Cairo, but eventually adds: Aden, Amman, Baghdad and Jeddah. However, this was not the only supplier in the region.
Air Jordan, founded by HE Ismail Bilbeisi Fasha in 1950, started the Amman Airspeed Consul himself, but in 1953, Trans Ocean Airlines, a non-scheduled carrier operated charter and contract flights, made it possible to fleet modernize with the 21-passenger Douglas DC-3. They eventually linked Amman to Kabul through Kuwait and Kandahar.
Arab Airways reflected this aircraft type in Jerusalem.
The same passenger base was roughly the same way as other Middle Eastern airlines have chosen to unite and establish Air Jordan for the Holy Land.
Initially, two Convair CV-240s were rented from Trans Ocean, in 1960 they bought the DC-4, which served longer routes than Rome's Amman hubs. Despite the promise that this larger, four-engine airliner was offered, the rocket airline was forced to cancel its operation on 1 September of the following year when its license was canceled.
Only one month before the birth of his offspring – in this case, Jordan Airways (40 percent), the Jordanian government (25 percent) and the Middle East airline (also 25 percent) jointly owned, rented, turbocharged Vickers V.700 with counters and flight teams. His reign was just as short.
2nd Flag Carrier
The country's ultimate international carrier, King Jordan, who was himself a pilot, asked Ali Ghandourt and then Lebanon International Airways vice-presidents to draw up plans for a flag airline. the king himself, "to be a national air carrier, a goodwill ambassador in the world and a bridge through which culture, civilization, commerce, technology, friendship and better understanding become part of the rest of the world ".
After his eldest daughter, he was named Alia Royal Jordanian Airlines. Although its structure was only finalized on 8 December 1963, the king issued an additional request, namely that he would become airy within a week.
Ghandour was able to accomplish what was just an impossible target for two Handley Page Herald 207 leased from the Royal Jordanian Air Force and a Douglas DC-7C, which opened it from Amman to Beirut on December 15 support service. Cairo and Kuwait next week and a second DC-7
Piston engines were then awarded the clean jet engines by acquiring Sud-Aviation SE.210-10R Caravels, the first of which was delivered on July 29, 1965, made it easier in Europe, especially in Rome and Paris.
In the fight against fighting and obstacles, however, he faced an enemy again. Jerusalem two years later, in June, controlled Jerusalem over two of the country's most important sources – tourism and agriculture – which significantly reduced demand for new service providers, resulting in low flight load factors
. During the recent crisis, the Jordanians discovered the third source – namely themselves – and Alia was always firm and committed. The government has received the necessary financial support after having successfully navigated its latest turbulence by launching the first long-range jet aircraft to enter the 1970s and two Boeing 707- On the 19 January of the following year, the 320C- and they facilitated route guidance, particularly in East Caribbean and Madrid, Casablanca and West Copenhagen.
From Karachi to East Africa, Pakistan International Airlines (PIA).
The 707 was only the first of several Boeing types. For example, they received two 720Bs in mid-range, lower-density sectors in 1972, while three 727-200 Advanced tri-jets were purchased for short and medium range operations. It was equipped with a more flexible and economical fleet, it was able to extend the region and the European continent.
Entering the widescreen era, Alia received the first two Boeing 747-200Bs on December 15, 1976. the launch of the Amman's New York and Houston Vienna or Amsterdam flights in July next year, the first Arab carrier. It was the first two broad types to operate.
Unlike all Boeing fleets, Lockheed L-1011-500 has been ordered. In October 1981, between Amman and London-Heathrow, the service was launched, the three-engine model allowed the carrier to first serve large-scale aircraft to destinations in Europe and several destinations in the Middle East such as the Gulf States.
He supplemented the 747, operated some Amman-Vienna-Amsterdam-New York routes on certain days, and a newly opened Los Angeles Intermission in Chicago. The JFK sector was also in a constant position and some flights operated through Montreal
In 1982, there were seven 707-320C, one 720-030B, six 727-200 Advanced, three 747-200B, combined configuration with main deck load capacities and two L-1011-500
After retiring the four-engine narrow bodies until 1985, its fleet concentrated on long-range high density routes in District 747, TriStar 500 Medium and Long Range Medium Density Segments and short and for medium-sized, low-density sectors, in the 727th
On December 15, a number of milestones were marked: the tenth anniversary of the Jordanian flagship by the service of the Middle East and the silvery quarter-century jubilee, with the new occasional business name and name, the latter changed from Alia to Royal Jordanian Airlines , in order to highlight its identity
The new corporate name, "said Ali Ghandour, the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer," the embodiment of our heritage, destiny, performance and aspirations, and the "royal" from the beginning we have kept, emphasized and recognized. "Last but not least," he emphasized, "I would like to emphasize that we did not seek to change ourselves but to demonstrate to ourselves and the world that we are progressive in the prospects, determined in our efforts to move forward and confident and complete hopes to enjoy a glorious future. "
The royal Jordanian route system was made up of 41 cities in 34 countries of 41 continents from 1 January 1987  Three of these were long-term North Atlantic routes including Amman-Vienna-New York, Amman- Amsterdam-New York and Amman-Vienna-Chicago-Los Angeles sectors, including Amman-Bangkok and Amman-Kuala Lumpur-Singapore.
Two North African routes have been set up from Amman to Tripoli and Amman to Tunis and Casablanca while delivering a destination in the former Soviet Union, Moscow
European destinations include Amsterdam, Athens, Belgrade, Brussels, Bucharest, Copenhagen,
It is not surprising that the heavy Middle East routes between Abu Dhabi, Amman, Baghdad, Bahrain, Cairo, Damascus, Dhahran, Doha Dubai, Jeddah, Karachi, Kuwait, Muscat, Riyadh and Sana.
He had a single domestic sector between his mind and Aqaba.
Airlines and East Berlin with Interflug
During the five years 1979 to 1983, the number of passengers carried was: 1979: 915 000; 1980: 1,100,000; 1981: 1,440,000; 1982: 1,667,273; and 1983: 1,457,334.
Royal Jordanian, apart from the airline, has reported numerous air and ground subsidiaries in its portfolio.
The former was the Arab Air Cargo. Jordanian World Airways, which was founded in 1974, was founded in March 1982 as a joint venture between Jordan and Iraq and started cargo operations with two cargo ship configurations of 707-320C on 1 May of the following year.
Both Arab Air Carriers AACO, a member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), has fled to cities such as Amman, Amsterdam, Baghdad, Brussels, Dubai, Larnaca, London and Rome. In 1985, six hundred twelve flights were launched, carrying 4,521 revenue hours and 21166 tonnes of cargo, net of $ 16.6 million.
Arab Wings' second subsidiary was providing fast, on-demand business jet charter services to remote and Middle East inaccessible parts, and this was the only such activity in the region. The joint government funded by the Oman Government (one third) and Royal Jordanian (two-thirds) commenced operations in May 1975 and two six-member Gates Learjet 35 and an eight-person Rockwell Sabreliner 75A operated by Amman and Muscat Flight Bases
During the three-year period 1981-1983, 1636, 2,116 and 1390 passengers were transported
A separate branch of the Arab Wings Flying Ambulance (AWFA) was provided by the aero-medical service in 1978 to the sky.
Sierra Leone Airlines, its third subsidiary, was founded in 1982 to succeed Sierra Leone Airways in 1958 and from November Freetown, Sierra Leone to London, Royal Jordanian (20 percent), private interests (20 Percentage) and Sierra Leone (60%)
As a result of later expansion, Freetown-Lungi Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire), Accra (Ghana) Dakar (Senegal), Lagos (Nigeria), Las Palmas (Canary Islands) , Monrovia (Liberia) and Paris, while domestic flights with Freetown-Hastings were connected to the airport at Bonthe, Kenema and Yangema with a 707-320, a 720 and two Britten-Norman Trislanders. These were later replaced by CASA C-212-200 Aviocars.
In addition to these subsidiaries, Royal Jordanian had more ground based. These included the Queen Alia International Airport (QAIA), which opened on May 25, 1983 and had two interconnected terminals with 12 gates and could handle up to five million passengers each year.
Hospitality Service, daily meals for on-board catering, a terminal restaurant, snack bars and staff cafes, handled the 4-star 315-room Alia Gateway Hotel opened in 1985 and is operated by transit passengers and aviation personnel use.
The Royal Jordanian Training Center was divided into the Technical Vocational Institute and the Commercial and Management Center
. Both the bourgeois and military branches, the Royal Jordanian Air Academy, another subsidiary, in 1985 called the Middle East Regional Technical Center for IATA.
There were a number of other issues at the Queen Noor Civil Aviation Institute; Arab Air Services, an engineering advisory office that assisted in the design and construction of the airport between 1979 and 1983; the Royal Jordanian Folklore Group; the Alia Art Gallery; and royal tours.
4th RJ Today
Modernization of the fleet marked the last decade of royal Jordanian 20th-century history and indicated that Boeing and Lockheed had shown allegiance to Airbus Industrie aircraft, the first being A-310-300. They flew with two big turbochargers and a two-person cockpit, replacing the 727 on routes where demand exceeded its capacity or proved to be too thin for the L-1011, but offered twin-track extreme comfort. Due to its range, the one-stop-shop Jordan-US transatlantic sectors have been operated, especially in the reduced search periods.
However, these were primarily carried out with the addition of a second Airbus fleet, with the A-340 four-engine, which eventually replaced both 747 and TriStars.
Bonafide 727 replaces the two-engine, narrow A-319, A-320 and A-321 families in the regional, Middle Eastern, North African and European segments, while short- and regional-range flights are another type, two-speed, configured Embraer E-175 and E-195, delivering 72 or 100 passengers. Both were well suited to the 45-minute hop of the capital and the Aqaba Red Sea resort.
Royal Jordanian, a member of the 2007 Oneworld alliance, continued to develop its long-term fleet, 233,000kg Crown and 259 economy seats between 2010 and 2011 and 227,930kg 787-8 Dreamliners for 24 and 247 passengers suitable for August 2014 to November. The A-310s were gradually converted into cargo ships with up-and-over deck cargo doors and the A-340s because they were completely unloaded due to their uneconomic four-engine fuel consumption.
On the eve of its golden jubilee, on December 15, 2012, he introduced a celebration feast on the 50th anniversary of a Jordanian plane in Jordan, which once again took over the airline's first Beirut route.
To combat barriers and regional conflicts in the country's culture and economy. With some of its natural resources and the long occupied agriculture and tourism in the Occupied West Bank, it has served as an air bridge to the rest of the world, making it one of the country's primary sources of revenue, making connecting passengers vital to its ongoing existence. As a result, the Foundation served to a considerable extent on which the country itself was dependent.
In May 2012, at the Queen Alia International Airport, a gold jubilee celebration reflects the history of the airline. Natser Lozi said, "When your Majesty King King Hussein launched Alia as RJ's name on December 15, 1963, he wanted the national carrier of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan to contribute to the development of Jordan and to other cultures to promote interaction and to liaise with other nations … (Today) we are proud of the Jordanian and Levant national carriers connecting the world. "
showed an increase in its annual passenger numbers in the 1964 87,000 to $ 3.3 million by 2012, President and CEO Amer Hadidi said: "The royal Jordan was a pioneer in aviation"
Three E-175, five E-195, four A-319 -100, six A-320-200, two A-321-200, three A-330-200, and five by the end of 2014, Royal Jordanian has provided 54 destinations on four continents and seemed to be a good profile for the mission to continue its founding.
Source by sbobet